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Protein analysis and characterisation
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What information can hydrodynamic radius provide?

Size and  Shape in Solution: it is an effective measure of the molecule's size. It is  particularly useful for non-spherical or complex-shaped molecules that might  not be well described by simple geometric dimensions.


Conformational  Changes: Changes in  the Rh can indicate alterations in the molecule's conformation. To exemplify,  when a protein undergoes structural change due to denaturation, ligand  binding, or similar, its hydrodynamic radius can change accordingly.


Aggregation: Changes in hydrodynamic radius can  serve as a signal of the aggregation state of molecules. Aggregates tend to  have larger hydrodynamic radii than individual molecules due to increased  effective volume.


Solution  Conditions: Conditions  such as temperature, pH, ionic strength, and viscosity can influence the Rh.


Comparative  Studies:  Hydrodynamic radius is used for comparing the sizes of different molecules,  such as proteins, polymers, or nanoparticles, under similar conditions.


Dynamics and  Transport: Knowing the  hydrodynamic radius is necessary to predicting how a molecule will diffuse  through a solution, which has implications for transport within biological  systems and industrial processes.


Biophysical  Characterization: hydrodynamic radius is a critical parameter for biophysical  characterization of proteins, nucleic acids, and other biomolecules. It  complements other measurements like structural techniques, providing  information about a molecule's overall behavior. It is often used as a  quality control parameter before structural assays.